Spode, Josiah

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b. 1754 Stoke-on-Trent, England
d. 16 July 1827 Penkhull, Staffordshire, England
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English pottery inventor of bone china and ironstone.
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After learning the potter's trade in his father's works, Spode set up in business on his own. He especially favoured blue-printed ware, in particular willow-pattern. He also improved the jasper, Egyptian black and cream ware that were produced by a number of potters at the time. He employed William Copeland, a traveller in the trade, to market his products and together they established a base in London. He later took Copeland into partnership to manage the London end of the business. In 1800 Spode began to make porcelain and introduced bone ash and feldspar into the paste, increasing the transparency of the ware; it came to be known as that most characteristically English of ware, bone china. In 1805 he introduced an opaque ware under the name of ironstone, much of which was exported to France, where it supplanted faience ware.
The Prince of Wales visited Spode's pottery in 1806 and he was appointed a potter to the King. In 1812 Spode installed a steam-engine in his works and effected many other improvements. Spode was called "the most successful china manufacturer of his time"; this seems fair, for he won both fame and fortune.
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Further Reading
A.Hayden, 1925, Spode and His Successors: A History of the Pottery 1765–2865, London.
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spode,Josiah — Spode, Josiah. 1754 1827. British potter. In 1800 he founded a pottery that became famous for its bone china. * * * …   Universalium

  • Josiah Spode — (23 March 1733 – 1797) was an English potter born in a village that is now part of Stoke on Trent. Spode was a pauper s son and also a pauper s orphan at the age of six. He earned renown in the pottery business by his only fortunate circumstance… …   Wikipedia

  • Spode — is an English manufacturer of pottery and porcelain, based in Stoke on Trent. The company was founded by Josiah Spode, who earned renown in the ceramic business for perfecting the blue underglaze printing process in 1784 and for co developing the …   Wikipedia

  • Spode (disambiguation) — Spode may refer to: * Spode, a company producing pottery and porcelain in Staffordshire, England * Josiah Spode (1733 1797), a renowned English potter, founder of the Spode company * Spode Museum, dedicated to the Spode company, located in Stoke… …   Wikipedia

  • Spode — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Hasso Spode (* 1951), deutscher Historiker und Tourismusforscher Josiah Spode (1733–1797), englischer Porzellanmacher und Manufakturgründer Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • spode — fine sort of porcelain, 1869, named for first maker, Josiah Spode (1754 1827), potter in Stoke on Trent, England …   Etymology dictionary

  • Spode — [spōd] [after Josiah Spode (1754 1827), Eng potter] trademark for a type of fine china and earthenware …   English World dictionary

  • Spode porcelain — ▪ pottery       porcelain introduced about 1800 in the factory of Josiah Spode and Josiah Spode II at Stoke upon Trent, Staffordshire, Eng. This hybrid porcelain combining the ingredients of hard paste porcelain (china clay and china stone) and… …   Universalium

  • Spode Museum — The Spode Museum is a pottery museum based in Stoke on Trent, England, based around the history of the Spode ceramics factory.The museum is believed to have been established around 1925, based on the history of Spode pottery from the time of… …   Wikipedia

  • Spode — n. porcelain designed and made by the Spode family or the factory they founded; family name; Josiah Spode (1733 1797) and his son Josiah II (1754 1827), English potters …   English contemporary dictionary

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